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Propriétés structurelles et magnétiques dans les composants de manganèse Ln0.5Ca0.5MnO3 (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, …, Lu) : Une étude systématique par diffusion des neutrons et calculs ab initio.

Abstract : The aim of this work was to realize a systematic study of the electronic and magnetic structure of Ca half-doped manganite family: Ln0.50Ca0.50MnO3 (Ln=REE). In particular, we focused our attention on charge ordering (CO) and orbital ordering (OO) phenomena present in manganites. We derived a microscopic model of nuclear and magnetic structure using both neutron powder diffraction (NPD) techniques and ab-initio calculations in order to compare experimental results and numerical models and to understand the role of chemical and magnetic in-homogeneity in our systems. The change of the electronic and spin state of the transition metal by doping, corresponds to a structural modification of the coordination polyhedron geometry of the atoms around the transition metal, inducing cooperative structural changes. In contrast with this order induced by doping, an intrinsic chemical disorder is associated with the doping element on the A site of the perovskite (general formula ABO3) on which the trivalent (RE3+) and divalent ions (Ca2+) reside. This disorder is due to the difference of the ionic radius and chemical affinity between the ions. In order to study systematically the effect of the A site substitution and the relation between the structural properties and the macroscopic magnetic properties, several samples have been synthesized and characterized by macroscopic magnetic measurements. Neutron diffraction is a fundamental step towards understanding the relation between the structural and macroscopic properties. The resulting structures represent a good starting point for ab-initio calculations in the study of magnetic structure and CO/OO phenomena. Important concepts and models are described: Jahn-Teller effect, double and super-exchange interaction and the Zener polarons model. The macroscopic magnetic properties have been measured versus temperature by using a SQUID magnetometer. The principal microscopic technique used for this thesis was NPD. The technique and the layout of the instruments - D20 and D1A at the Institute Laue Langevin, Grenoble - are described together with details of the Rietveld method used to refine the diffraction data. Experimental results from the systematic study of the Ln0.50Ca0.50MnO3 (Ln = Pr, Nd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Tm, Yb and Lu) manganites, are presented, with a description of sample preparation. The magnetic susceptibility, measured up to 530 K for our samples, presents a broad peak at high temperatures corresponding to the onset of the CO (TCO). From these results we define the nature of the magnetic correlations above and below TCO in the framework of the Zener polarons model. We also present the details of the nuclear and magnetic structure for all samples versus temperature, analyzing the distortions due to the doping and the effect of the ionic radius of the cations. All our samples have a pseudo-CE magnetic configuration at the lowest temperatures, corresponding to a CE-type ground state with canting. We describe the ab-initio method using the density functional theory (DFT), that have been used to model the Ln0.50Ca0.50MnO3 series. We present DFT and we discuss the most important features (spin polarization), approximations (pseudo-potentials and exchange-correlation functional) and (Hubbard) corrections used in this work, including a presentation of the VASP code used for the DFT calculations, with the corresponding input files. These calculations have been performed to confirm our experimental results and to access other significant quantities such as the electronic density of states. The computational approach has been tested on two pure systems: CaMnO3 and NdMnO3. Two half-doped systems have been chosen with Ln=Nd and Lu. The first because the La and Pr compounds were already studied (Picozzi, Anisimov) so we continued the series with the Nd system, and the Lu has the smallest ionic radius in the lanthanides series, its 4f shell is full and Lu is therefore comparable with La.
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Emanuela Pusceddu. Propriétés structurelles et magnétiques dans les composants de manganèse Ln0.5Ca0.5MnO3 (Ln=La, Pr, Nd, …, Lu) : Une étude systématique par diffusion des neutrons et calculs ab initio.. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENY021⟩. ⟨tel-00609199⟩

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