Etre migrant et Touareg de Bankilaré (Niger) à Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) : des parcours fixes, une spatialité nomade

Abstract : The Tuareg circular migrations concern, in the area of Bankilaré (south east of Niger) a large part of labor men ; belonging the slave class. They go and return between their camp and Abidjan. Previously seasonal, their migration is distinguished today by a more and more longer period of residence in Abidjan, eight months to two years on average. If the migratory project, defined on the individual and family level, accounts for economic pressure, caracteristic of a poverty context in the starting area, is also based on a long migratory history, a old savoir-faire of mobility : the past of the shepherd nomads. The migratory project involves not only all the social group in the routes, but also all the places put in touch with the same routes. The local space is not confined to group's permanent space but he is built with the movement, through the circulation. Continuously with the nomadism, the group's unity is based more on the share of common temporalities than on the share of the same territory. The migrants and immobiles spatialities which are build, can be qualified as nomads. The migratory project has also a politic dimension in relation with the social class of migrants because they are slave descendants, and also with the intervention of the development institutions in this area. If recently the rotation between absence and presence is integrated to society - which reveals installation of mobility - they are conflicts which begin to appear. Migrants, during their stay in the city, discover liberty and test it. Then they develop in their camp forms of disobedience or resistance to their master's authority. In the opposite the immobiles develop, through development projects, involve in the local space which is inclined to close up. Conflicts appear between a class producing its local space with the movement and another class, the immobiles, who that built a social space near to the territory notion, with the development projects.
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Florence Boyer. Etre migrant et Touareg de Bankilaré (Niger) à Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire) : des parcours fixes, une spatialité nomade. Géographie. Université de Poitiers, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-00608150⟩

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