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Theses

Réalisation de sources laser III-V sur silicium

Tiphaine Dupont 1
1 INL - Photonique - INL - Nanophotonique
INL - Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon
Abstract : Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) is today the utmost platform for the fabrication of compact optical functions. This common platform with microelectronics favors the integration of photonic circuits with CMOS circuits. Nevertheless, if silicon allows for the fabrication of compact passive photonic functions, its poor light emission properties constitute a major obstacle to the development of an integrated laser source. The solution used within the framework of this thesis consists in integrating III-IV laser stacks on 200 mm SOI wafers by the mean of SiO2-SiO2 direct bonding. The aim of this work is to demonstrate a III-V on SOI laser that couples at least 1mW to a silicon waveguide. Our approach is to transfer a maximum of the laser complexity to the silicon, which processes are familiar to microelectronics. Ideally, III-V should be just used as a gain material ; the laser cavity being made out of silicon. However, this approach is not so easy to put into practice. Indeed, photons are generated by the III-V waveguide but have to be transferred into the silicon waveguide located under the stack. The difficulty is that both waveguides are separated by a low index bonding layer, which thickness ranges from one hundred to several hundreds of nanometres. The development of a III-V on SOI laser then requires a new thinking of the whole laser system. Therefore, our work has consisted in designing a III-V on silicon hybrid laser that takes into consideration the specific constraints of the integration technology. Based on the coupled mode theory and on the photonic crystals concepts, we have designed, fabricated and characterized an hybrid Distributed Feedback Laser (DFB). Its original work principle allows for both a high amount of gain and coupling efficiency, thanks to a continuous circulation of photons from the III-V to the SOI waveguide. On these devices, we show a monomode laser emission at room temperature (with a side mode suppression ratio of 35dB) under pulsed optical and electrical pumping. As expected, the lasing wavelength is function of the DFB grating pitch. The lasers work with a bonding layer as thick as 200nm, that greatly relaxes the constraints of the bonding technology. Lasers work down to a minimum length of 150 μm, which is the shortest laser lenght of the mask. Despite the low power levels collected by the fibre during the characterizations, accounting for the high optical losses due to the fiber couplers, the optical power effectively injected to the silicon waveguide should be in the miliwatt range. Unfortunately, the low threshold current densities measured under pulsed operation (300 A / cm2 at room temperature) suggest that the continuous-wave regime should be reached in a very near future.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 30, 2011 - 10:48:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:44:00 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00604962, version 1

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Tiphaine Dupont. Réalisation de sources laser III-V sur silicium. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011ECDL0001⟩. ⟨tel-00604962⟩

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