Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

MICROMÉTÉORITES CONCORDIA: DES NEIGES ANTARCTIQUES AUX GLACES COMÉTAIRES

Abstract : Antarctic micrometeorites (AMMs) represents large cosmic dust, sampling the primitive materials formed in the solar system. Two new families of AMMs, well preserved by the terrestrial weathering have been identified in the 2006 CONCORDIA collection: (i) the Fine-grained Fluffy (FgF) particles, and (ii) the Ultracarbonaceous Antarctic Micrometeorites (UCAMMs). The first ones, FgFs present similar characteristics with the interplanetary dust particles (IDPs). UCAMMs are exceptionally rich in carbon (50-90 vol%). The characteristics of the AMMs were compared with the recent results obtained by the Stardust mission on the cometary samples. We performed mineralogical, petrological and isotopic studies of the AMMs. The degree of structural order of the carbonaceous material in AMMs were analysed by Raman spectroscopy. The results show that about 65% of AMMs contain a carbonaceous material with a high degree of disorder. The radical nitrile was identified in an UCAMM. The mineralogy of UCAMMs has been described by transmission electron microscopy to better understand the process of their formation and evolution. Generally, the minerals (olivine, pyroxene and iron sulphides) are usually present as aggregates, rarely as isolated minerals or objects with an igneous texture. Objects similar to GEMS (Glass with Embedded Metal and Sulphide) of IDPs have been identified in a UCAMM. The carbonaceous material identified in UCAMMs exhibits large enrichment in deuterium, up to 30 times the terrestrial value. The close association between the carbonaceous matter and the mineral component formed at high temperatures supports the idea of the presence of outward transport and mixing in the protoplanetary disk. The study of AMMs represents an exceptionally opportunity to study the primitive asteroid (carbonaceous chondrite) - comet continuum in the early solar nebula.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00602286
Contributor : Elena Dobrica <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 22, 2011 - 1:24:49 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:57:11 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, December 4, 2016 - 5:19:55 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00602286, version 1

Collections

Citation

Elena Dobrica. MICROMÉTÉORITES CONCORDIA: DES NEIGES ANTARCTIQUES AUX GLACES COMÉTAIRES. Planète et Univers [physics]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00602286⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

472

Files downloads

520