Contrôle optique et électrique de réflectivité THz assistée par phonon-polaritons de surface

Abstract : In this work we report the design and fabrication of two THz modulators, assisted by surface phonons polaritons. Both devices work around 8.5 THz at room temperature.We first validate experimentally the coupling of the propagating field to surface-phonons polaritons on a GaAs grating by angular resolved THz reflectivity measurements. We show that a good knowledge of the grating geometry is necessary to have a quantitative description of the coupling.We have fabricated an optically controled THz modulator made of a doped GaAs lamellar grating with subwavelength dimensions. This grating supports surface-plasmon-phonons polaritons along the grating walls. The THz resonance frequency is then modified by shining visible light on the grating, which creates photo-electrons. This allows a dynamic optical control of the THz reflectivity.Finally we present an electrically controlled THz modulator. We design a structure that allows the coupling of the propagating field to an interface-phonon polaritons in a single quantum well. This mode is confined inside the quantum well and gives a high field enhancement. This original effect is due to a near-zero dielectric function of the well at the interface-mode frequency. The perturbation introduced by intersubband transitions in the single quantum well allows, by applying a voltage of about one volt, a control of the coupling intensity between the propagating field and the interface mode, leading to a change in the structure reflectivity.
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Theses
Other. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2011. French. <NNT : 2011ECAP0013>


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Simon Vassant. Contrôle optique et électrique de réflectivité THz assistée par phonon-polaritons de surface. Other. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2011. French. <NNT : 2011ECAP0013>. <tel-00601767>

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