Prehistoric copper production and technological reproduction in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley of central Thailand

Abstract : Employing a technological approach derived from the 'Anthropology of Technology' theoretical literature, this thesis concerns the identifi cation and explanation of change in prehistoric extractive metallurgical behaviour in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley of central Thailand. The 'Valley' metallurgical complex, amongst the largest in Eurasia, constitutes Southeast Asia's only documented industrial-scale copper-smelting evidence. The two smelting sites investigated, Non Pa Wai and Nil Kham Haeng, provide an interrupted but analytically useful sequence of metallurgical consumption and production evidence spanning c. 1450 BCE to c. 300 CE. The enormous quantity of industrial waste at these sites suggests they were probably major copper supply nodes within ancient Southeast Asian metal exchange networks. Excavated samples of mineral, technical ceramic, and slag from Non Pa Wai and Nil Kham Haeng were analysed in hand specimen, microstructurally by refl ected-light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and chemically by polarising energy dispersive x-ray fl uorescence spectrometry ([P]ED-XRF) and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray fl uorescence spectrometry (SEM-EDS). Resulting analytical data were used to generate detailed technological reconstructions of copper smelting behaviour at the two sites, which were refi ned by a programme of fi eld experimentation. Results indicate a long-term improvement in the technical profi ciency of Valley metalworkers, accompanied by an increase in the human effort of copper production. This shift in local 'metallurgical ethos' is interpreted as a response to rising regional demand for copper in late prehistory.
Type de document :
Thèse
History, Philosophy and Sociology of Sciences. University College London, 2009. English
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00601676
Contributeur : Thomas Pryce <>
Soumis le : lundi 20 juin 2011 - 10:53:45
Dernière modification le : vendredi 24 mars 2017 - 09:57:14
Document(s) archivé(s) le : mercredi 21 septembre 2011 - 02:21:48

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : tel-00601676, version 1

Collections

Citation

Thomas Pryce. Prehistoric copper production and technological reproduction in the Khao Wong Prachan Valley of central Thailand. History, Philosophy and Sociology of Sciences. University College London, 2009. English. <tel-00601676>

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de
la notice

562

Téléchargements du document

1156