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Theses

Les dynamiques spatiales sur la façade caraïbe de l'Amérique centrale : pouvoirs et formation des territoires dans un espace de marges

Abstract : The thesis analyses the spatial dynamics which have taken place on the Caribbean coast of Central America since the Spanish conquest to the present. It is divided in four parts: structures, powers, models and systems. We argue that the space of the Caribbean part of the Central American isthmus is organised according to three territorial models: the indigenous (I. Indio), the globalised (G. Gringo and Negro) and the ladino (L). Firstly, an historical, physical and human perspective is employed to show that the Caribbean coast is an ultimate frontier. Secondly, the mutations in the cultural, economic and political fields are enquired from the point of view of power holding and the actors involved (second part). The third part describes the three territorial models: they are recurrent ideal-types and are specific to the Caribbean coast. They have been elaborated on the base of the internal and external structures of the territories and of their spatial and temporal evolutions which have taken place in the last 5 centuries. The last part is focused on territorial systems. We argue the validity of the theoretical hypothesis through three case studies: the first one relates the destiny of the indigenous refuge area located on the Southern frontier between Belize and Guatemala. The second one deals with the tourist archipelago of Bocas del Toro, in Panama, which is emblematic of the succession of globalised territories on insular spaces. The last one is about the Atlantic Costa Rica: it explores the ladino's interface which is symptomatic of the process of incorporation of the Caribbean coasts in the Nation States during the second part of the 20th century.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00601148
Contributor : Camille Le Masne <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 21, 2011 - 7:24:16 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 28, 2020 - 2:15:34 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 9, 2012 - 4:45:15 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00601148, version 1

Citation

Camille Le Masne. Les dynamiques spatiales sur la façade caraïbe de l'Amérique centrale : pouvoirs et formation des territoires dans un espace de marges. Géographie. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00601148⟩

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