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Structure des noyaux de gallium, de germanium et d’arsenic riches en neutrons autour de N=50 et : développement d’une source d’ionisation laser à ALTO

Abstract : During this thesis, we have studied β decays of gallium’s nuclei around N=50 and prepared a laser ionization source at ALTO.The production of exotic isotopes has brought new beam production challenges. The one addressed here relates to the elimination of isobar contaminants that create background for experiments. To address this issue a laser ionization source has been developed at ALTO. Copper has been chosen to be the first element to be ionized for physical interests and to compare the results of the laser ionization source with the ones at others facilities. A laser setup has been installed and optimized in order to ionize selectively the atoms of copper produced for experiments. After the optimization, a test of ionization of stable-copper was performed. This test has shown us that the laser system is able to successfully ionize atoms of copper.The studies of the region of the neutron-rich nuclei around N=50 are still to complete. The knowledge of this region is low what does not allow to close off the debates which they are the subject. 79,80,82,83,84,85Ga has been produced using photo-nuclear reactions at the experimental area of the on-line PARRNe mass-separator operating with the ALTO facility. The fission fragments are produced at the interaction of the 50 MeV electron beam delivered by the ALTO linear accelerator with a thick target of uranium in a standard UCx form. The oven is connected to a W ionizer heated up to 2000°C that selectively ionizes alkalies but also elements with low ionization potentials such as Ga. The ions are accelerated through 30 kV and magnetically mass-separated before being implanted on a mylar tape close to the detection setup, so that this system allows us to study β- and β- -n decays of 79,80,82,83,84,85Ga.The data analysis have produced new results concerning the decays of 80Ga, 84Ga and 84Ge. For 80Ga, the existence of an isomeric state has been confirmed and two different half-lives were measured for the ground state and the isomer. Furthermore, the analysis of 84Ga decay confirmed two states and allowed us to propose an other state in the decay of 84Ge. Finally, the comparison between experimental results and theoretical calculations has confirmed the assignment of spin-parity of the first states 2+ and 4+ but also the triaxial property of 84Ge that has been proposed previously. The second state 2+ of this isotope has also been identified. For the states of 84As, the assignment of spins and parities of four states have been proposed and interpreted in terms of configuration mixing.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 27, 2011 - 10:19:41 AM
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Benoît Tastet. Structure des noyaux de gallium, de germanium et d’arsenic riches en neutrons autour de N=50 et : développement d’une source d’ionisation laser à ALTO. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA112053⟩. ⟨tel-00600335v2⟩

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