Analyse et commande des systèmes non linéaires complexes : application aux systèmes dynamiques à commutation

Abstract : This PhD-thesis presents two new approaches for the analysis and control of complex nonlinearsystems, such as switching dynamic systems of the class of power converters. These systems have severalmodes of operation and a desired operating point, which, in general, is not the equilibrium point of anymode. In this class of systems, switching from one mode to another is controlled by a switching law tobe designed. Therefore, the synthesis of a control law involves the study of the conditions that allow astable limit cycle to settle near the desired operating point, and of the control trajectory to reach thislimit cycle and stabilize on it, meeting the constraints dues to the physical behavior (maximum currentsupported by the components, . . .) or time constraints (minimum duration between two switchings, . . .).The limit cycle is called hybrid because it is composed of several dynamics (two in this work).The first method is based on the geometric properties of vector fields and is an extension of part ofthe PhD-thesis of Manon at LAGEP. A necessary and sufficient condition of existence and stability of ahybrid limit cycle consisting of a sequence of two operating modes, is presented in IR2. This limit cycledefines the final region to be reached by the system from its initial state, along a trajectory determinedoptimally according to a given criterion (total duration, energy expended, . . .). This method is applied tothe Buck and Buck-Boost power converters with a resistive load. An extension to IRn has been proposedand demonstrated. It is illustrated on a nonlinear system in IR3.The second method is developed in IR2, based on the Lyapunov theory, well known in automatic controlfor studying the stability of nonlinear systems and designing stabilizing control methods. The objective isto design, with a geometric approach, a quadratic Lyapunov function common to both modes of operation,which defines a stable hybrid limit cycle closest to the desired operating point and a direct stabilizingcontrol of the switches.
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Jaâfar Ben Salah. Analyse et commande des systèmes non linéaires complexes : application aux systèmes dynamiques à commutation. Autre. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009LYO10230⟩. ⟨tel-00599364⟩



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