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Caractéristion de nouveaux substrats des sérine - thréonine protéine-kinases de mycobacterium tuberculosis

Abstract : Analysis of the genome sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis predicted the presence of eleven Serine / Threonine Protein-Kinases (STPKs). Although most kinases have been investigated for their physiological roles, little information is available regarding how STPK-dependent phosphorylation regulates the activity of kinase substrates. As a result, the physiological role of these kinase / substrate couples remains to be clarified. During the course of this work, we first characterized a substrate/kinase pair, PknL/Rv2175c. Moreover, pknL (rv2176) is adjacent to rv2175c, a gene encoding a putative DNA-binding transcriptional regulator. We demonstrated that PknL can recruit and phosphorylate Rv2175c and that phosphorylation of Rv2175c was dependent on a specific phosphorylated residue located within the activation loop of PknL. However, although Rv2175c harbours a DNAbinding domain carrying a helix-turn-helix (HTH) motif, it shares only weak similarity to transcriptional regulatory proteins. Therefore, to provide further evidence for the function of Rv2175c, we have solved the soluble NMR structure of Rv2175c. In addition, we confirmed by gel shift mobility assays that Rv2175c was indeed able to bind DNA. More importantly, we identified Thr9 as the unique phosphorylation site in Rv2175c, and demonstrated that phosphorylation of Rv2175c strongly altered its DNA-binding activity. In addition, although mycobacterial GroEL1 proteins have been extensively studied, no data were available with respect to their potential post-translational modifications. We reported here, for the first time, phosphorylation of the M. tuberculosis GroEL1 chaperone. We demonstrated that M. tb GroEL1 is phosphorylated by PknF at two positions, Thr25 and Thr54. Unexpectedly, Mycobacterium smegmatis GroEL1 is not a substrate of its cognate PknF. This study showed that the phosphorylation profile of conserved proteins is species dependent and provides insights that may explain the numerous biological functions of these important proteins
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Marc Canova. Caractéristion de nouveaux substrats des sérine - thréonine protéine-kinases de mycobacterium tuberculosis. Sciences agricoles. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009LYO10130⟩. ⟨tel-00599361⟩

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