Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation

Coordination des acteurs dans un contexte de crise : le cas de la filière coton au Cameroun depuis 1990

Abstract : The cotton trade has been lucrative in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a major source of exports and government revenues and is an important cash-crop for small producers and their families. Since the 2000s, the Cameroon cotton sector has been in crisis. The combined effects of falling prices, erratic Euro/Dollar exchange rates, subsidies to producers from industrialized nations and structural factors within the sector, are to blame for the crisis. This thesis analyses the efficacy of the coordination of actors in the cotton sector within the crisis context through studies carried out in the northern Cameroon cotton region. It is based on a conceptual framework for the coordination of actors in a cotton sector and makes reference to several economic theories. The analysis shows that the Cameroon cotton sector has always been integrated from the get-go, though the privatization process is ongoing. This integration was the basis for the historic success of the sector; a success which was the result of the respect of contractual commitments between actors, while the socioeconomic context was favourable. These contracts were implicit or explicit between actors and based on trust. From an economic theoretical standpoint, such contracts are said to be 'incomplete', as they are not legally binding and do not cover all relevant possibilities. Hence, the respect of clauses within these contracts depends on the favourable or unfavourable outcome of socioeconomic conditions. As a result of the crisis, the efficacy of coordination within the Cameroon cotton sector is no more guaranteed and is questionable. The non-respect of several contractual commitments, attests to the severe confidence crisis between some actors. Furthermore, economic incentives and sanctions are ineffective, as they can not be applied to the social context in northern Cameroon, also as a result of the pauperization of producers and several constraints which result in the inefficacy of actions. This situation has led to the fall of the cotton sector, with consequences on regional economy and socioeconomic development. Hence, producers develop multifunctional strategies with a focus on diversification. However, despite these efforts, producers face inevitable poverty and food security is also threatened. We thus conclude that better and more efficient coordination of actors in a crisis context is necessary to revamp the cotton sector and fight poverty.
Document type :
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [237 references]  Display  Hide  Download
Contributor : Laurence Leroux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 31, 2011 - 5:53:20 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 26, 2018 - 3:28:58 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 1, 2011 - 2:35:09 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-00597413, version 1


Denis Pompidou Folefack. Coordination des acteurs dans un contexte de crise : le cas de la filière coton au Cameroun depuis 1990. Economies et finances. Université Rennes 2; Université Européenne de Bretagne, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010REN20030⟩. ⟨tel-00597413⟩



Record views


Files downloads