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Une histoire des Mouvements Unis de Résistance (de 1941 à l'après-guerre). Essai sur l'expérience de la Résistance et l'identité résistante

Abstract : Through the study of the Resistance experience, this piece of research intends to discuss about the reality and the singularity of a resistant way of being. It leans on the study of three non commmunist movements of the south zone formed in 1941 (Combat, Libération-Sud and Franc-Tireur), included in 1943 in the Mouvements Unis de Résistance (MUR), and in 1944 in the Mouvement de Libération Nationale (MLN). This frame of study allows to multiply the points of view. Indeed the diversity of its services, of its geographical places, of the preoccupations and of the experiences allows to adopt a comparative reasoning. Specially the personal way of Alban Vistel, chief of Libération-Sud in Vienne and regional chief of the MUR after 1943 (in the region of Lyon), take in this study a particular place. The approach by resistant way of being breaks with the vision of the Resistance conceived as a monoblock ; that confirms the idea of a process. Between 1941 and the beginning of 1943, a feeling of identity expresses itself especially through the membership in a "movements" group. Afterward, until the Liberation, this identity of group becomes an identification with the idea and with the entity "Resistance". The diversification of the services and of the "topoi" of resistance multiplies the appropriations of the experience and gives to this resistant way of being a multidimensional character. Finally, big shared elements define step by step a singular idea of the Resistance : testimony, wish to appropriate the time, legendary dimension, social responsibility and elitism, unity, identification to an idea of France, ethics of the action.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 30, 2011 - 11:29:22 AM
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Cécile Vast. Une histoire des Mouvements Unis de Résistance (de 1941 à l'après-guerre). Essai sur l'expérience de la Résistance et l'identité résistante. Histoire. Université de Franche-Comté, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00596588⟩

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