Transport, mobilité, et accès aux services des populations défavorisées : Le cas des habitants des grandes périphéries d'Oran

Abstract : Like other big cities of the South, Oran, second largest city in Algeria, has experienced strong growth in recent decades. In an urban area more extensive, unplanned suburban extensions have proliferated. In an environment where the equipment, jobs and transportation supply are insufficient, the thesis addresses the issue of access to services for poor populations located in suburban areas, which the constraints of mobility are the highest. Two types of investigations were conducted: i) analysis of the urban supply in terms of jobs, services (education and health), public transport networks from statistical data and interviews with actors involved in urban planning and transportation and ii) analysis of qualitative interviews with 60 low-income households, living in suburban areas ; about their travel needs and access difficulties. The spatial data on services supply show spatial disparities in health and education supply. Similarly, analysis of bus route distribution in the transportation network highlights the weakness of regulation and especially the inherent difficulties to private operators of transport on suburban routes. Interviews with the people provide information about mobility behaviours, access constraints specific to housing and services for poor populations. One of the biggest problems encountered in these districts, is constituted by the lack of access to employment and very high risk of unemployment, while the access barriers to health care and education have many origins (cost of access to service, housing conditions and distances covered, specific problems of households) and increase the vulnerability of households. The difficulties accumulate for many households and affect the social integration of the outskirts residents in Oran.
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Fafa Rebouha. Transport, mobilité, et accès aux services des populations défavorisées : Le cas des habitants des grandes périphéries d'Oran. Géographie. Université des Sciences et de la Technologie d'Oran Mohamed Boudiaf, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00595990⟩

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