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Theses

Lecteur radar pour capteurs passifs à transduction radio fréquence

Franck Chebila 1
1 LAAS-MINC - Équipe MIcro et Nanosystèmes pour les Communications sans fil
LAAS - Laboratoire d'analyse et d'architecture des systèmes
Abstract : A new development on sensor networks has been started by LAAS to implement new wireless sensors using passive electromagnetic transduction in the detection of pressure and gas. These highly integrated sensors require no power and the embedded operating frequency is in the Ka band (26 to 40GHz). This thesis is on the design and the realization of a reader suitable for remote sensing of sensor electromagnetic transduction. Its working principle is based on an FMCW radar technology. The main advantage of this radar when reading passive sensors is the ability to have ranges of several tens of meters, much higher than those obtained with conventional SAW or RFID technology. In the first step, the principle of operation of the reader and also the realization of two prototypes focused on the frequencies of 3GHz and 30GHz are presented. A study of the output radar spectrum, called beat signal radar, is discussed to show how the positions and measurements from the sensors are read remotely by the reader. Afterwards, an analysis of the wireless communication is performed to take into account parameters of electromagnetic backscatter such as the impedance and operating frequency of these sensors. These parameters are the basis of an optimization of the global system in terms of sensitivity radar range and the minimal levels of Radar Cross Section (RCS) of the interrogated targets.The validation of this analysis is limited by the reader's maximum range and by various RCS measurements of several types of sensors in the frequency bands of 3GHz and 30GHz. Two principles of sensor passive identification are then presented. The first is based on the simultaneous use of both modes of the sensor's RCS (structural mode and antenna mode), facilitating the identification by one mode and measuring the physical quantity using the other mode. The second principle uses the spectrum of a multiband scatterer where its reconfigurable RCS can associate the ident ification of each sensor in a network, such as a barcode. In conclusion, the result obtained in this thesis validate the principle of an interrogating network of passive sensors over a long reading range and consequently open a new way of sensor design for future aerospace, nuclear and environment applications.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 25, 2011 - 10:39:42 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00595578, version 1

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Franck Chebila. Lecteur radar pour capteurs passifs à transduction radio fréquence. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00595578⟩

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