Frequency and time simulation of squeal instabilities. Application to the design of industrial automotive brakes.

Abstract : Brake squeal is a common noise problem encountered in the automotive industry. Higherfriction coefficients and weight reduction recently led to higher vibration levels in the audiblefrequency range. This quality issue becomes economic due to penalties imposed to the brakesupplier although no robust design method exists. The industrial practice thus relies on costlyprototyping and adjustment phases. The evolution of computational power allows computationof large mechanical assemblies, but non-linear time simulations generally remain out of reach.In this context, the thesis objective is to provide numerical tools for squeal resolution at earlydesign stages.Parameterized reduction methods are developed, using system real modes as Rayleigh-Ritzvectors, and allow very compact reduced models with exact real modes. The proposed ComponentMode Tuning method uses the components free/free modes as explicit degrees of freedom.This allows very quick sensitivity computation and reanalyzes of an assembly as function oflocal component-wise parameters. Non-linear time simulations are made possible through twoingredients. A modified non-linear implicit Newmark scheme and a fixed Jacobian are adaptedfor contact vibrations. The brake is reduced keeping a superelement with exact real modes anda local non-linear finite element model in the vicinity of the pad/disc interaction.A set of design tools is illustrated for a full industrial brake model. First, instant stabilitycomputations and complex mode trajectories are studied. Modal interactions and non-linearphenomena inside the limit cycles are thus well understood. Time/frequency correlations areperformed using transient modal identification and space-time decomposition. A time domainmodal damping model is also shown to be very useful. The modification of a critical componentfor squeal resolution is finally tested and validated.
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Engineering Sciences. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2011. English. <NNT : 2011ECAP0009>


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Guillaume Vermot Des Roches. Frequency and time simulation of squeal instabilities. Application to the design of industrial automotive brakes.. Engineering Sciences. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2011. English. <NNT : 2011ECAP0009>. <tel-00594224>

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