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Modélisation de systèmes hybrides photovoltaïque/hydrogène : applications site isolé, micro-réseau et connexion au réseau électrique dans le cadre du projet PEPITE (ANR PAN-H).

Abstract : EnR/H2 hybrid systems appear to be an innovative solution to the renewable energies storage problem. These systems include: one or several renewable energy sources; an electrolyzer to produce hydrogen and oxygen when the renewable energy source can provide a surplus ; in the other hand, when the demand exceeds the capacity of the renewable source, a fuel cell consumes gases to supply the complement energy demand. In order to develop these solutions in the future: it is necessary to constitute a set of architectural references corresponding to the target applications for the EnR/H2 hybrid systems; and to develop a decision-making instrument allowing to optimize sizing of the sub-systems according to several criteria (system energy efficiency or the electricity costs). A numerical code of sizing under language MATLAB®, called ORIENTE, was thus developed within the framework of the research works which join the project ANR PEPITE (ANR-07-PANH-012). The various partners of this project are the HELION Company, the University of Corsica, the CEA, the INPT - LAPLACE and ARMINES. The applications concerned by this code, are electrification of isolated sites, micro-electricity grid energy management and reducing load peaks on an electrical grid. The first application will be treated via a demonstrator who will be installed at Cadarache in the beginning of 2011, on the site of the CEA, this one concerns the supply of a meteorological pylon. This application is supported by the poles of competitiveness CAPENERGIES and TENERRDIS. The 2nd application concerns the study of a micro-grid on the site of MAFATE (isle of La Réunion). This study is in partnership with the ARER. The last application, named MYRTE project was treated through a technological platform on the site of Vignola (near Ajaccio) for control-command strategies to answer the reducing load peaks on an electrical grid and the smoothing of the photovoltaic production. This platform is financed by the Corsica region, the French government and European Union (FEDER). This application was the object of a labeling by CAPENERGIES.
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C. Darras. Modélisation de systèmes hybrides photovoltaïque/hydrogène : applications site isolé, micro-réseau et connexion au réseau électrique dans le cadre du projet PEPITE (ANR PAN-H).. Energie électrique. Université Pascal Paoli, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00591013⟩

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