Conception, synthèse et caractérisation de molécules polyhétérocycliques azotées pour la complexation spécifique de cations métalliques

Abstract : In France, the nuclear waste issued from the industrial reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels (by the PUREX process) are currently vitrified at the La Hague plant, waiting for a final disposal in a deep geological repository. The law voted in June 2006 on the management of highly active nuclear waste plans to look for solutions enabling the separation and transmutation of long-lived radionuclides so as to reduce the quantity and noxiousness of the final nuclear waste. To address this issue, the CEA investigates and elaborates advanced separation processes based on specially designed complexing or extracting molecules to selectively extract minor actinides from PUREX raffinates containing fission products like lanthanides, which are neutron scavengers. BTP or bis-triazinyl-pyridines have been extensively studied at the CEA (and in Europe) for actinides(III)/lanthanides(III) separation. They complex actinides(III) selectively. However, they are sensitive to degradation by hydrolysis and radiolysis. Besides, their separation mechanisms are not well understood, especially the influence of their substituting groups on their complexing and extracting properties. The first part of work reports the syntheses of various BTP and BTBP molecules, differently substituted, as well as a new family of polyaromatic nitrogen-contained ligands: BPBT, presenting a pyridine/triazine sequence that has never been reported in the literature. The second part is devoted to the physico-chemistry studies of the synthesized molecules, such as the determination of their protonation and complexation constants to describe the influence of different substituting groups. Finally, the last part outlines solvent extraction studies by using these ligands either like extractants or like compexants.
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Chemical Sciences. Université d'Orléans, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010ORLE2041>


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Carine Dupont. Conception, synthèse et caractérisation de molécules polyhétérocycliques azotées pour la complexation spécifique de cations métalliques. Chemical Sciences. Université d'Orléans, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010ORLE2041>. <tel-00590462>

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