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Micromecanical model : correlation between hydraulic and acoustic parameters of cement-based materials

Abstract : The objective of this work is the characterization of unsaturated cement paste porosity through the use of ultrasonics. The correlation between ultrasonic velocity and porosity in cement paste material is studied based on both micromechanical modelling and experiments.Experimental measurements of ultrasonic longitudinal and transverse velocities as a function of water to cement ratio and under different saturation states were performed on cement paste with and without air-entrained adjuvant. In the micromechanical modeling, the effects of saturation were modeled by approximating the porous structure as a penny shaped ellipsoidal inclusions of aspect ratio varying with the W/C ratio. Several different micromechanical models for estimating the homogenized elastic moduli of cement paste and air-entrained cement paste were studied.The micromecanical modelling has shown that the longitudinal and transverse wave velocities of the dry cement paste are lower than those of the water saturated cement paste. This effect is equally prominent for all the cement paste W/C ratios. The model of Mori-Tanaka was found to give the best fit with the experimental results for the cement paste modeling. While, the self-consistent model gave the best estimate of the mechanical and ultrasonic air-entrained cement paste properties when compared to the laboratory experimental results.The findings of this work should be most appropriate as a foundation for an inversion process and improved cementitious material porosity determination by nondestructive methods
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Sirine Maalej. Micromecanical model : correlation between hydraulic and acoustic parameters of cement-based materials. Other. Ecole Centrale de Lille; École nationale d'ingénieurs de Tunis (Tunisie), 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010ECLI0028⟩. ⟨tel-00590429⟩

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