Etude du comportement de l'hélium et des défauts lacunaires dans le tungstène

Abstract : In fusion reactors, tungsten suffers severe constraints such as an intense neutron irradiation which induces the creation of point defects, and implantation of helium. Understanding the interactions between point defects and helium is crucial to model the behavior of tungsten components for future nuclear fusion applications.This study rely on the use of Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy (PAS) to determine the nature and thermal evolution of implantation-induced defects, and Nuclear Reaction Analysis (NRA) occasionally coupled with electron microscopy to investigate the behavior of helium.The nature of implantation-induced defects depends on the implantation parameters (type of ion,energy, fluence). Implantations of 3He at 800 keV, lead to the creation of monovacancies which aremobile between 473 and 623 K. Increasing the initial concentration of monovacancies shifts themigration threshold toward low temperature. Implantations with high level of damage (Fe 10 MeV) generate vacancy clusters. The impurities play a dominant role on the thermal behavior of defects. The behavior of helium was studied under three different implantation conditions. Implantations at low energy - 0.32 keV - show the creation of helium-vacancy complex by mutation. Implantations at 60keV show the competition between migration - at low fluence - and trapping of helium - at high fluence. Finally, high energy implantations (500 keV) provide information about the influence of microstructure on the distribution of helium bubbles.
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Pierre-Emile Lhuillier. Etude du comportement de l'hélium et des défauts lacunaires dans le tungstène. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ORLE2032⟩. ⟨tel-00587482⟩

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