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L’évolution de l’intention et le développement de l’esprit d’entreprendre des élèves ingénieurs d’une école française : une étude longitudinale

Abstract : Although many researchers point out the emergence of new generations of engineers, the traditional model of the French engineer remains reluctant to entrepreneurship, few engineers are moving towards entrepreneurial careers and they do it rather late in their career. To reverse this trend and train more entrepreneurial engineers, we study educational impact of an engineering Grande Ecole in France. Drawing on the theory of planned behaviour completed by the theory of entrepreneurial career and the notion of entrepreneurial spirit, we use a longitudinal approach to measure the evolution of intention, together with the construction of professional identities and observable behaviours of students during their school years. This study is based on a longitudinal survey completed each year by engineering students and semi-structured interviews with them at the end of the curriculum. The findings include the identification of three engineering professional identities (technical engineer, manager, and entrepreneur) and the definition of the entrepreneurial intention trajectory Leading to entrepreneurial career choice. The impacts of socio-cultural, pedagogical and extra curriculum factors on the trajectory of intention have been modelled. They can explain the building up process of each engineering professional identity
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Yifan Wang. L’évolution de l’intention et le développement de l’esprit d’entreprendre des élèves ingénieurs d’une école française : une étude longitudinale. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lille, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ECLI0011⟩. ⟨tel-00586082⟩

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