Abstract : In civil law, human beings are given the capacity to take actions and decisions on their own. However, this capacity may be partly fractured when individuals are not in a position to decide for themselves and in their own interest.. Under these particular circumstances, judicial authorities may break an invididual's autonomy and have them protected by outsiders who can act and make decisions on their behalf or in cooperation with them. The French Civil Code organises this protection through two distinct provisions, called "tutelle" or "curatelle". This research aims to contribute to a better understanding of the experience of individuals considered as "half-capable" and the practice of their protection. In particular, we will focus on whether this specific status is acceptable, both for individuals themselves and for society at large. Our survey confronts different points of views over various timeframes. Three civil conditions of personal autonomy result from our investigations. These results contribute to a better understanding of mainstream policies on vulnerability, including within psychiatry, mental health, public welfare, and disabilities. They also constitute an invitation to explore autonomy schemes from a social and civil perspective.