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Etude cinétique de l'oxydation de constituants de biocarburants et composés modèles : formation de polluants

Abstract : To overcome the problems of conventional fossil fuels depletion and environmental issues includingglobal warming, new fuels derived from biomass are used pure or in blends; others are proposed for thefuture. A good knowledge of the chemical kinetics of oxidation of components present in these alternativefuels is necessary. The aim of this work is to obtain a new experimental database and to build a chemicalkinetic reaction mechanism for the combustion of these new fuels. Molecules of two functional groups werechosen: methyl esters and alcohols. The kinetics of oxidation of these compounds were studied in a Jet-Stirred Reactor at high-pressure (10 atm), over the temperature range 530-1250 K, for several equivalencesratios (ca. 0.3-4) Concentration profiles of reactants, products and main stable intermediates were obtainedby probe sampling and FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy) and GC-FID-TCD-MS analyses. Theresults allowed proposing detailed kinetics models that successfully simulate concentration profilesdetermined by Jet-Stirred Reactor method. The kinetic analyses allowed delineating the main oxidation pathsof consumption (peroxidation-isomerisation at low temperature and beyond, metathesis followed by betascissiondecomposition), and identifying the most influencing reactions for the oxidation rate of the fuels, i.e.metathesis reactions with C0-C2 species.
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Casimir Togbe. Etude cinétique de l'oxydation de constituants de biocarburants et composés modèles : formation de polluants. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université d'Orléans, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ORLE2031⟩. ⟨tel-00585394⟩

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