Utilisation et fonction de la reproduction photographique d'oeuvres d'art dans les écrits sur l'art d'André Malraux : formes et représentations de l'histoire de l'art

Abstract : After World War Two, André Malraux publish in 1951 Les Voix du silence, edited by Gallimard. The book is a rewritten version in one volume of Psychologie de l'art's trilogy, originally published by Albert Skira between 1947 and 1950. Based on the observation that artworks' reproductions allow to constitute a "musée imaginaire" beyond geographical and historical divisions of museums and original artworks, the author develop a "transgeographica" and "trans-historical" theory by a close relationship with illustrations. Thus, Malraux is taking part in an history of art history in which the discourse with images contains a theory linked to artworks' presence through photographic reproduction. The "musée imaginaire" is here considered as a methodological presentation informed by the reading of Walter Benjamin's texts. Then, an historical methodology can be understood in its relation to the written form. Malraux's studies of image allow him to define a peculiar theory as well as to visually represent his own version of art history in a " cinematic " way. From this point, history of photography and art history's publishing are revealed. Indeed, his use of the photographic reproduction is motivated by a reflexion on the very means of diffusion of art history discourses. Malraux creates an edited form that plays with editorial codes in use in this field. A series of comparisons with books by Georges Bataille, René Huyghe, Ernst Gombrich and John Berger allow to notice its specificity and to locate Malraux's texts in the history of art history.
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Camille Pageard. Utilisation et fonction de la reproduction photographique d'oeuvres d'art dans les écrits sur l'art d'André Malraux : formes et représentations de l'histoire de l'art. Linguistique. Université Rennes 2; Université Européenne de Bretagne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : b2011REN20006⟩. ⟨tel-00585116⟩

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