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Mise au point d'un essai de caractérisation environnementale sur matériau monolithique par percolation ascendante

Abstract : The standards of environmental characterisation of wastes recommend the sieving of granular material or the crushing of monolithic material to match a required granulometry. The modification of material characteristics is likely to distort the release of pollutants. The main objective of this thesis is to develop a methodology to test monolithic material by percolation.Various mortar-type and/or under-layer road-type materials incorporating sediment treated by the process NOVOSOL® (STN) designed by the Solvay company have been designed. Their characterization has highlighted the increase of porosity, the decrease of bulk density and the increase of specific area with the addition of STN. The mechanical properties are close to those expected for road type materials.The use of a reference material has allowed designing the test cell and the protocol for testing monolithic materials in percolation with a controlled rate of flow. A breakthrough protocol using an inert salt coupled with a transport modelling software has also been defined, to determine the hydrodynamic characteristics of materials during the percolation.The results of tests showed a good stability of heavy metals contained in the STN compared to metals carried by the cement binder. Thus, for some metals, the introduction of STN tends to reduce the leached quantities, for others, the content of pollutant of leachates either stable or increasing. Despite the complexity of the involved phenomena, some results tend to prove the relation between specific area and heavy metals leaching. Comparison of laboratory results and measurements made in situ demonstrates the representativeness of the test developed
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Yixuan Han. Mise au point d'un essai de caractérisation environnementale sur matériau monolithique par percolation ascendante. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lille, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ECLI0007⟩. ⟨tel-00584381⟩

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