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Modélisation des écoulements réactifs dans les microsystèmes énergétiques

Abstract : Progress towards the miniaturization of increasingly advanced micro- and nano-electromechanical systems has highlighted the need for a better knowledge of the design of such devices. knowledge of micro-nano pipe flows is still mandatory. In field of energy power generation, as the systems are scaled down, the thermal efficiency of conventional propellant devices is seriously degraded due to significant heat losses which can cause the combustion extinction. A promising approach is to use shock or detonation waves in gazeous media to enhance chemical reaction rates. A detonation is a rapid regime of burning in which a strong shock ignites the fuel and the burning proceeds to equlibrium behind the shock, while the energy released continues to drive the shock. It is also characterized by the presence of longitudinal and transverse instabilities, thereby subjecting the shock front to violent deceleration / acceleration. The objective of this thesis is to better understand the mean structure of the reaction zone that extends from the shock to the sonic surface. As for numerical modelling, the compressible multi-species reactive Navier-Stokes equations are solved using an in-house code "CHOC-WAVES", including variable thermodynamic and transport coefficients depending on the species. The Generalized Chapman-Jouguet condition was developed and corroborated by the numerical results in the case of stable multidimensionnal detonation. More specially, it was shown that the transverse instabilities are attenuated with the scale reduction.To this end, a scenarion, based on the structure of downstream subsonic pocket, which is correlated to the development of the boundary layer, has been proposed to explain the deificit of the detonation from velocity. This scheme shares many similarities with the macro-detonation, while keeping some differences. In particular, it was shown that the strong vorticity, generated at the Prandlt-Meyersingularity and often neglected in macro-detonation models, diffuses in the subsonic pocket. The present contribution enables us to shade more physical insight for the propagation of stable and confined detonation fronts.
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  • HAL Id : tel-00584117, version 1

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Davy Kévin Ngomo Otogo. Modélisation des écoulements réactifs dans les microsystèmes énergétiques. Autre [cond-mat.other]. INSA de Rouen, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ISAM0019⟩. ⟨tel-00584117⟩

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