Optimisation structurelle des gridshells

Abstract : Gridshells are often defined as structures that have the shape and rigidity of a double curvature shell but they consist of a grid and not a continuous surface. They are obtained by elastic deformation of a two-way grid initially flat. The deformed grid is then rigidified using a third direction of bars. Thus, a gridshell has an interesting structural potential and can respond to complex architectural requirements. Two methods have been used through out history for the form finding of gridshells, the inversion method and the dynamic relaxation method. Both techniques lead to a deformed grid which is a result of calculations. The form obtained is closed to the one proposed by the architect. A numerical tool based on the compass method is developed in this thesis. It allows mapping aTchebychev net on an imposed form and imposed boundary conditions.Another tool based on an explicit dynamic finite element calculationis proposed. The particularity of this technique is to be able to take into account the mechanical properties of the structure and to simulate the gridshell behavior. Applications of both methods on differents forms show the limitations of mapping a Tchebychev net on an imposed form. The compass method has been coupled with geneticalgorithms. The algorithm optimizes the gridshell by minimizing the curvature in bars in order not to break the bars during the construction. It has been implemented and tested on several surfaces
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Engineering Sciences. Université Paris-Est, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010PEST1049>


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Lina Bouhaya. Optimisation structurelle des gridshells. Engineering Sciences. Université Paris-Est, 2010. French. <NNT : 2010PEST1049>. <tel-00583409>

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