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La Couronne et la lyre : Présence du roi David dans la littérature française de la Renaissance

Abstract : Some stories are called "classical" when archetypal figures conceal them, patterns of thought and universal benchmarks that at various times in history, emerge in the collective imagination to echo contemporary concerns. From one century to another, these stories irrigate more or less force production and help to forge cultural identity of peoples. The story of King David, in this context, takes on a copy: rooted in tradition-vétérotes testamentary, it has fed for several millennia, the monarchical ideology and faith of the Judeo-Christian nation, given to writers style Biblical inspired poet and musicians, the composer of the divine. In the France of the Renaissance, the fig-re David's profile in works abundant and varied sacred histories, compi-lations, legends, political pamphlets, epics, drama are all places where the writers are inspired by vain his life to shape writing projects. This work attempts to trace the locations of the presence of King David in the years 1490 and 1600 and to identify the various purposes for which it is associated. Initially, the study of sacred sources of culture in the Renaissance shows that David ap-pears as a priority in a book, the Bible, but also in books, Bible in editions that are emerging under the momentum of reforms. In vast compilations, historians also summarize his life into a key moment in world history, the poets tell his deeds in the form of stories in pro-se or in verse, which is sometimes grafted elements of folklore . A study of pamphlets, poems and political goal of some illustrations of psalms written in the time of Charles VIII show, in a second time, David serves as a benchmark and argument to the entourage of the court and the Italians, and it serves the project of conquest and crusade were the wars of Italy. Artists and writers contrent-ren in one project, that of showing how, in David, the original-rooted spiritual ties of the nation. This lineage appears as a symbolic justification of the desire to make Jerusalem the capital of Christians. At the time of reforms, Catholics and Protestants are also turning David into a forum for the expression of aesthetic sensibility and religious. The poets include the King Catholic Biblical writing projects of epic. Illus-be to make the French language, they are challenged to compose and Israélia-Davidiades of competing in prestige with the Iliad and the Odyssey. Protestants prefer, in turn, translate the Psalms into French and call plays that involved reflecting on his status as a believer. The last part of our work analyzes this sacred dimension given to David in the dramatic works of the Reformation and wonders whether he acquires prophetic: the psalmist appears as the archetype of the persecuted believer but victorious, the archetype of the repentant sinner and, given the musician who was able to finally renew the lyrical dimension of the service. These different forms of David's presence in French literature attest that no, the Renaissance, a reading consistent and unique character from the biblical writers. David marries aspirations and a thousand thousand reasons, it is to re-take an expression of Jean Dorat, "a veritable Proteus."
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Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2011 - 9:10:00 AM
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Dominique Vinay. La Couronne et la lyre : Présence du roi David dans la littérature française de la Renaissance. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université François Rabelais - Tours, 2002. Français. ⟨tel-00583138⟩

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