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Etude des nouvelles méthodologies de fonctionnalisation directe palladocatalysées de la liaison C-H en série oxazole-4-carboxylate : application à la synthèse de molécules naturelles et de sondes fluorescentes oxazoliques

Abstract : Development of versatile synthetic routes towards functionalized heterocycles is of main importance for pharmaceutical, total synthesis and materials. The organometallic chemistry has revolutionized the access to functionalized heterocycles and the development of more practical, chimioselective and atom-economy transition metal-catalyzed direct C-H functionalization methodology is currently actively examined as alternatives to the experimentally restrictive and highly used cross-coupling reactions. However, a possible valorisation of such synthetic approach in several fields of chemistry dramatically depends on the development of novel methods for controlling the site and the nature of the substitution. The project is concerned with the challenging oxazole serie for which the 2 and 5 positions are highly competitive, and has been first focused on the study of the direct C-H bond heteroarylation of the selected ethyl oxazole-4-carboxylate which is a ready available and highly valuable in total synthesis scaffold. Moreover interestingly this model exhibits a more electronically and environmental difference between the 2 and 5 competitive sites coupling than the naked oxazole. Thus, the first part of the work lead to the development of a novel regioselective direct C-H bond heteroarylation of ethyl oxazole-4-carboxylate with broad iodo-, bromo- and chloroheteroaromatics using specifically both Cy-JohnPhos and tri-otolylphosphine ligands in dioxane and toluene as solvents. Moreover, the use of the more biodegradable diethylcarbonate as an alternative to toluene as solvent was successfully accomplished through a partnership with Dr Doucet of Université de Rennes concerned with the development of green catalysts. An extended protocol for regioselective direct C-H vinylation, benzylation and methylation of ethyl oxazole-4-carboxylate protocol was also proposed. The previous developed direct C-H heteroarylation methodologies in oxazole-4-carboxylate serie were then first applied to the preparation of 2-mono- and 2,5-difunctionalized oxazoles. Three novel total syntheses of balsoxin, texaline and annulonine, were achieved. In a current context of the designing of original fluorophores for the field of molecular interactions detection, a library of DPO-4-carboxylates and POPOP-4-dicarboxylates was prepared. Interestingly, three novel analogs exhibit a much more better Stokes-shift than DPO and POPOP references with a high-preserved quantum yield. The last part of this work was devoted to the examination of three parameters of the palladium-catalyzed direct C-H arylation in oxazole-4-carboxylate serie, the electronic demand, the basic strength measured by deuterium incorporation and its influence on the success of the direct coupling, allowed us to highlight two main activation pathways, the ortho-directed deprotonation métallation (ODM) and the concerted metallation deprotonation (CMD), that act differently and at different sites depending mainly on the nature of the solvent.
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Cécile Verrier. Etude des nouvelles méthodologies de fonctionnalisation directe palladocatalysées de la liaison C-H en série oxazole-4-carboxylate : application à la synthèse de molécules naturelles et de sondes fluorescentes oxazoliques. Autre. INSA de Rouen, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ISAM0005⟩. ⟨tel-00577109⟩

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