Analyse typo-technologique du matériel lithique de quelques unités du site magdalénien de Pincevent (Seine-et-Marne). Applications spatiales, économiques et sociales

Abstract : In this thesis has been developped the technological analysis of lithic material coming from some units of the magdalenian settlement of Pincevent (about 12.000 years before present). The studied material consists of 3000 chips of flint among which 200 tools are present, distributed between ten structures lying on a same level about 500 square meters of size. It's been possible to show the adaptation mode's of the flint knapping "schéma opératoire" to the blocks morphology, to observe the diversity of the technical levels represented in 3 main units and without no doubt the participation of more or less experienced individuals in flint knap¬ping activities. The economical approach which aimed to define the flint management is one of the strong point of this research, so much the refitting have been made exhaustively (90% of the lithic artefacts coming from the whole structures have been refitted) : it permitted to show that some "débitages" where made for a strictly local utilisation, when others where rather destinated to the production of big blades and bladelets for an utilization abroad the campement. The most important contribution reside in the demonstration by refitting of lithic products circulations not only inside every units as well as between the 3 main units and lesser occupied units considered as dependences on these latters, and between all the units discovered until now on the level IV20, excavated about 4000 square meters. The contemporaneity of all of these units seems to be proved by the nature of the relations that they entertain and it clearly appears that all of them must occured in a very short time. This work allowed to confirm the hypothesis formulated from burned stones and bones refitting, and from the microstratigraphical analysis, of the existence of a vast campement at Pincevent, a regrouping which the principal objective was a reindeer seasonnal and collective hunting.
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Pierre Bodu. Analyse typo-technologique du matériel lithique de quelques unités du site magdalénien de Pincevent (Seine-et-Marne). Applications spatiales, économiques et sociales. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 1994. Français. ⟨tel-00577069⟩

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