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Médiation langagière en milieu pluriculturel et plurilingue : altérité, interactions, construction dynamique de la personne

Abstract : This thesis explores, within an interpersonal socio-linguistics framework, the dynamic construction of a person, through the verbal symbols produced in a multicultural and multilingual environment. It is at the meeting point of a science of subjectivity, yet to be developed, and socio-pragmatics, borrowing also from social psychology’s most useful concepts. Our epistemological framework is related to a socio-linguistics of structuring conflicts in interpersonal relations since words shape individuals, or, rather, a person is built through words and within otherness. Ours is a combination of pragmatic linguistics and all the disciplines interested in the construction of identity. Through this trans-disciplinary approach, our research shows the complexity of an individual, complex and indivisible, integrating language and person. Our specific focus is on the usage of languages in situations of structuring conflicts (with others and the self) and on language mediation in stressful situations where a person is facing destabilising others. Textual analysis (of texts issued from transcriptions of interviews) is our main scientific device, adapted for this research and for which some new comprehension tools are suggested, in a constant back and forth movement between theory and practice as the two points of view are mutually enriching. If investigating our hypotheses is one of the objectives of our work, we aim also at developing and testing epistemological and methodological tools transferable to other situations. This research thus is an attempt to understand how a person is built dynamically between speech and action, random encounters and partial identifications. That makes an individual a unique being, with affects, representations and speeches with multiple interpretations which root him or her symbolically and socially.
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Marie Judith Patouma Moidinecouty. Médiation langagière en milieu pluriculturel et plurilingue : altérité, interactions, construction dynamique de la personne. Linguistique. Université de la Réunion, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010LARE0007⟩. ⟨tel-00576263⟩

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