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Lettres pures et lettres impures ? : les professeurs de français dans le tumulte des réformes : histoire d'un corps illégitime (1946-1981)

Abstract : In 1946, the creation of a BA in modern French literature put an end to the monopoly enjoyed by the professors of Classics over the teaching of French literature and grammar in secondary education. As part of the legacy of a higher primary education degree - which did not comprise any Latin course - teachers of modern French literature were for a long time considered as second class professors. The debates which raged around the creation of the agrégation (a competitive examination to become a secondary education teacher) in modern French literature brought to light certain disputes concerning the competences of the French literature professor as a specialist in his field. Thus the double challenge posed by the democratization of secondary education and its alignment with the demands of higher education and research was met by a divided and weakened group. An agenda for the renovation of the teaching of French - which combined scientific, professional and sociopolitical considerations - created another rift among French teachers, who were also divided over the Latin issue. Far from smoothing out these wrangles, the two specialists associations - the Franco-Ancienne and the French Association of Professors (later Teachers) of French (Association française des enseignants de français) - heightened the tensions among French teachers. In view of the disparity of educational practices, the education authority decided to give precedence to the teaching of literature, focused on the transmission of a common literary heritage
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 20, 2011 - 10:18:39 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:19:10 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00575863, version 2
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Citation

Clémence Cardon-Quint. Lettres pures et lettres impures ? : les professeurs de français dans le tumulte des réformes : histoire d'un corps illégitime (1946-1981). Histoire. Université Rennes 2; Université Européenne de Bretagne, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010REN20055⟩. ⟨tel-00575863v2⟩

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