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Les réseaux de transport à Djibouti et le développement économique et social.

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the analysis of the importance of the contributions of transport infrastructure into economic and social development, taking into account the specificities of the Djiboutian economy. We conducted this analysis in the theoretical framework of economics of networks, spatial economics and endogenous growth models. As part of the network industries, transport networks are sources of positive external economies that spread to the entire economic activity which makes them an indispensable factor in economic development. These externalities can affect the immediate vicinity of transport infrastructure and may influence the location choices of economic actors. They also have macroeconomic effects that spread across the nation and that are modeled by the endogenous growth theories. Relying on the theoretical contributions of endogenous growth models, we conducted an econometric analysis to measure the effects exerted by public and private investment on the evolution of real income per capita in the specific case of Djibouti. We based our study on the econometric estimation of an aggregate production function of two factors (public capital stock and private capital stock) by the method of cointegration and the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The estimation results indicated that, in accordance with what was expected, in the long term, the stock of private capital has a positive and significant effect on real income per capita. Conversely, the stock of public capital has a significant negative impact on the dynamics of real GDP per capita in both the short term and the long term. Keywords : Transportation Infrastructure, Development, Growth, public investment, Djibouti port, Doraleh port, maritime transport, COMESA.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 4, 2011 - 4:24:07 PM
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Gombor Abdillahi Aptidon. Les réseaux de transport à Djibouti et le développement économique et social.. Economies et finances. Université de Grenoble, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011GRENE001⟩. ⟨tel-00573790⟩



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