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Rôle de l’alumine sur les évolutions physico-chimiques de matériaux du système CaO-Al2O3

Abstract : The scientific problem of this work focuses on the role of alumina parameters on physico-chemical changes of materials of the CaO-Al2O3 system. The objective of this study was to identify the parameters of alumina affecting the physico-chemical interactions within the system CaO-Al2O3 in order to optimize the mechanical behaviour of conventional refractory concrete in the temperature range 800-1200°C. The conventional refractory concretes are composed of heterogeneous aggregates of tabular alumina and a cement matrix, this one consisting of clinker and fine alumina. The temperature zone between dehydration and ceramization is not studied so much in the literature. The methodology adopted, because of the complexity of this kind of materials, has been modelling materials "models" to control the microstructure and to take into account the influence of one parameter at a time and establish relationships between the parameters of development, microstructure and mechanical properties.The first part of this work has studied the intrinsic properties of the binding phase, and has highlighted parameters of alumina (specific surface area, morphology, and impurities) having an influence on the microstructural parameters improving reactivity and mechanical strength of the cement matrix. The CA2 content and the degree of homogeneity of the system are the two main parameters that improve the reactivity of system. A good reactivity of the cement matrix improves this mechanical strength by the effects of microstructure caused by the reactive sintering. It has been shown that these kinds of microstructural parameters are obtained for alumina with high surface area and alumina containing soda or silica. A statistical model has been developed in order to predict the mechanical behaviour of cementitious matrices with the selected alumina. These studies, confronted with results from the literature, confirmed that the calcium aluminates are formed by diffusion of Ca2+ to the alumina through the calcium aluminates rich in lime. The second part of this study highlights the interactions between cement matrix and aggregates of tabular alumina, and put forward the formation of interphases between the two constituents. These interphases are especially significant and cohesive for cementitious matrices composed of alumina rich in silica and soda with a high specific surface area, for lime-enriched matrices (with the same A/C), and for matrices with controlled dimensional variations. In this study, we have identified drivers to optimize the material properties of the system CaO-Al2O3 in the intermediate temperature range 800-1200 °C.
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Elodie Chabas. Rôle de l’alumine sur les évolutions physico-chimiques de matériaux du système CaO-Al2O3. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010EMSE0565⟩. ⟨tel-00573752⟩

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