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Theses

Etude d'un réseau de capteurs environnementaux en bande ISM

Abstract : This thesis presents the study of a wireless sensor network for real-time monitoring of groundwater quality. The aim is to successfully communicate in the free 433MHz frequency band over tens of kilometers. The main issue of free bands is the presence of radio frequency interferences (RFI). First, we have studied the properties of these RFI and there impacts on communications. This analysis shows numerous and powerful jammers but with an irregular distribution in time and frequency. In consequence, the network set-up should be based on prior analysis of the time-frequency context. In particular, night communications should be preferred. Then, we present a network architecture adapted to the given industrial specifications and the mentioned frequency band constraint. We have also tested a RF component suitable for ISM band transmissions. Results show that the component performances are low for longue range communications with RFI. With a simple radio frequency receiver, reliable communications are not possible in these conditions. Then the complete network prototype, developed during this thesis, is described. Finally, to overcome the problem due to jammers, we propose a new receiver concept. It is based on a phased antenna array and a cyclostationary detector. The aim is to detect the signal of interest among RFI and to store it for further signal processing. In particular, off-line spatial filtering techniques can used to remove RFI. Simulations show the efficiency of this concept.
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Anthony Millot. Etude d'un réseau de capteurs environnementaux en bande ISM. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010ORLE2014⟩. ⟨tel-00573695⟩

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