Etude paléoécologique, taphonomique et archéozoologique des faunes de grands mammifères des la grotte du vallonnet, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Alpes-Maritimes

Abstract : The Vallonnet cave (Alpes-maritimes, France) provided archaic lithic tools together with a big amount of bones of a large diversity of species of big mammals, corresponding to the Villafranchian/Galerian transition. The levels are 1 MY old approximately. At the crossing of diverse ecological niches in time and space, three main levels of accumulations are distinguished in the site. The poorly mineralized bones witness a huge fragmentation in the sediment. The death of the animals seems to be directly linked to their presence in the cave according to their ages. The exhaustive and systematic observation of the bones means like the bears probably used to die in the cave during the winter nap. Some other carnivores in which hyenas, used to stay in the cave with young individuals. Men also occupied the cave, and an activity is observed meanly on the big cervid bones, but also in some other species. The very progressive deposit gave a way for the carnivores and porcupine to gnaw the bones left on the ground before their burial. The succession of actions (man, carnivores and porcupine) on the same bone is characteristic on the Vallonnet big mammal bones.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [147 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00567372
Contributor : Anna Echassoux <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 21, 2011 - 9:26:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:23:13 AM
Long-term archiving on : Sunday, May 22, 2011 - 2:26:24 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00567372, version 1

Collections

AOM | IPH

Citation

Anna Echassoux. Etude paléoécologique, taphonomique et archéozoologique des faunes de grands mammifères des la grotte du vallonnet, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, Alpes-Maritimes. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS, 2001. Français. ⟨tel-00567372⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

713

Files downloads

249