Contribution à une sociologie politique de la jeunesse Jeunes, ordre politique et contestation au Burkina Faso

Abstract : In spite of their unfavourable position in the hierarchies of power, young people play a major role in the processes of social political change, which occur in the Burkina Faso society. Hence, this social group seems to be a good instrument to efficiently analyse policy, and moreover the processes of contestation and domination at work in Burkina Faso. Indeed, young people develop numerous strategies carried out in public places, which to varying degrees and terms constitute forms of contestation against the political order. Thus by relying on three categories of youth (unionised students, street youth, and young rappers or followers of the hip-hop movement), we sought to examine in a diachronic perspective, the nature of relationships of dominance at work in the Burkina Faso society. We find that the limited impact of these forms of contestations against the established order can be largely explained by the hegemonic context in which they arise. Therefore, in our mind, the characteristic domination of the current political order are based on "the strategies of mediation" and "neo-patrimonial cooptation", which diffuse tensions and regulate conflicts, according to very precise procedures, with the aim to preserve the consensual image of the political culture. In our opinion, these two dimensions constitute the pillars of a "political culture", which spreads out from a multitude of social spaces and creates a permanent, mediatised exchange between rulers and those who are ruled.
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Emilie de Bonneval. Contribution à une sociologie politique de la jeunesse Jeunes, ordre politique et contestation au Burkina Faso. Science politique. Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux IV, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-00564018⟩

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