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Nature cohérente et incohérente de la réponse de Second Harmonique dans les nanostructures métalliques d’or et d’argent

Abstract : In this work, the non linear optical properties of different silver and gold metallic nanostructures are studied. In particular, a special attention is concerning the coherent or incoherent nature of the response. For that purpose, the Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) technique is used. It is indeed one of the simplest non linear optical methods to underline the coherent or incoherent nature of the response. Samples used for this reason are constituted on the first hand by dielectric films doped by bimetallic nanoparticles of clusters of the type AuAg of various gold molar fractions for the incoherent responses and on the other hand by arrays of gold nanocylinders of various sizes arranged according to three geometrical configurations (square, hexagonal and random) on a substrate for the coherent response. The major part of the work is devoted to the study of the propagation and the second harmonic frequency in regime of Gaussian beams and short pulses in dielectric films doped by bimetallic nanoparticles because of supplementary phenomena observed simultaneously in the conversion of frequency: non linear absorption and refraction, Gouy phase... By the method of the fringes of Maker, the absolute values of the coefficient of the second order non linear susceptibility of these films are measured then the absolute values of the quadratic hyperpolarizability of nanoparticles are estimated on the basis of a model of incoherent responses. Finally, a preliminary study on the light continuum generation is presented. The coherent nature of the SHG response is studied in the nanocylinders arrays. We show that the origin of the response is associated with the existence of the surface defects in these nanostructures and thus have an incoherent character. However, we were able to put in evidence the effects associated with the size of nanocylinders and with the organization of nanocylinders on the substrate, this last effect being attached to a coherent character of the response
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Chawki Awada. Nature cohérente et incohérente de la réponse de Second Harmonique dans les nanostructures métalliques d’or et d’argent. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009LYO10071⟩. ⟨tel-00563278⟩

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