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L'émergence contrariée d'un groupe d'entrepreneurs politiques en Égypte : Le cas du hizb Al-Wasat

Abstract : Hizb Al-Wasat (the Center party) was founded in 1996 in Egypt by a group of former Muslim Brothers. Since it has never been formally accepted by the Party committee, it spent the 14 last years as a taht al-tâ'sîs (waiting for institutionalization) party. The objective of this thesis is to understand how the Wasat members are trying to achieve their goals – becoming professional politicians – with a little legal margin due to their taht al-tâ'sîs situation. This work is mainly relying on two corpuses: 29 interviews done in Cairo during the spring of 2008 with almost all the members of the Wasat executive committee and with several members of other opponent organizations, and the “chronological textual series” compounded of the four Wasat programs, as they have been presented to the Party committee for each of its case submissions (1996, 1998, 2004 and 2009). This last corpus has been studied through a lexicometric analysis. But the transcripts of the interviews – due to their heterogeneity – have first been translated into French, and then been categorized. Lastly, the categorized data have been studied by the means of statistics. Results of this study are showing that the semantic field of the Wasat program evolved since the beginning (from a militant to a technocratic discourse), as well as its membership (it attracted new members, with a different political background from founders). In addition, Wasat members succeed to manage for themselves a place in a space located at the boundaries of the intellectual and the political fields, particularly through their relations with some Wasatiya intellectuals. Finally, this party members became a part of the Egyptian opposition network, inside which they are playing a leading role.
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Contributor : Clément Steuer <>
Submitted on : Saturday, January 29, 2011 - 5:19:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 12, 2020 - 3:56:11 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, November 6, 2012 - 12:45:32 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00560733, version 1


Clément Steuer. L'émergence contrariée d'un groupe d'entrepreneurs politiques en Égypte : Le cas du hizb Al-Wasat. Science politique. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00560733⟩



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