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Elaboration d'une nouvelle catégorie de surfaces adaptives sensibles à un stimulus mécanique

Abstract : Surface responsive materials have the property to show response mechanisms triggered by external stimuli (temperature, pH, etc.). Mechanically responsive surfaces are a new kind of stimuli-responsive materials, which surface properties change in response to mechanical stress. This work focuses on the controlled adsorption of biological objects such as proteins on an elastic substrate. The goal is to control adsorption as a function of the elongation of the substrate. In elaborating mechanically responsive materials, silicone elastomers (PDMS) constitute interesting substrates because of their high flexibility and low toxicity. These polymers are widely used in biomedical devices and in microfluidics.The first step of elaboration consists in making the PDMS substrate chemically reactive. For low treatment time, plasma polymerization of maleic anhydride leads to the introduction of reactive groups on PDMS surface, while maintaining elastic properties at local scale.Treated PDMS substrates show acide-base properties which are characteristic of the diacid groups from the plasma polymer thin film. The degree of ionization and the adhesion properties of the surface are studied as a function of pH. The evolution of these properties under elongation attests from the dilution effect of surface reactive groups.The stretchable and reactive substrate is then functionalized with systems made of polymers and specific receptors. Poly(ethyleneglycol) (Peg) chains are well known to resist to protein adsorption, whereas biotin receptors bind specifically streptavidinproteins. A bi-functional surface is obtained by combining covalent grafting of Pegs and biotine on the PDMS substrate. The goal is to mask biotin with Peg chains in the relaxed state, while promoting specific binding of streptavidin under elongation of the substrate. This material may constitute a molecular recognition system that responds to a mechanical stimulus.
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Alexandre Geissler. Elaboration d'une nouvelle catégorie de surfaces adaptives sensibles à un stimulus mécanique. Autre. Université de Haute Alsace - Mulhouse, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009MULH3198⟩. ⟨tel-00558988⟩

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