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Défauts de vorticité dans un supraconducteur en présence d'impuretés

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the mathematical study of some models suggested by the theory of the superconductivity. More specifically, we consider the simplified model of Ginzburg-Landau (without magnetic field) in presence of a Dirichlet or a degree condition. In the first part we treat the existence problem of local minimizers in a multiply connected domain of the plan with prescribed degrees conditions. In the second part, we discuss the effect of a pinning term in the two-dimensional Ginzburg-Landau functional. This part is divided in three chapters. We first consider the situation of a pinning term (depending on the Ginzburg-Landau parameter) which is a simple function and takes a value different to 1 only in a fixed number of subdomains (also called inclusions) whose size tends to zero. We prove that, considering a Dirichlet condition with a non zero degree, the vorticity is quantized and localized inside the inclusions. In the second chapter, we consider the situation of a pinning term without specific structure. We imposed a Dirichlet boundary condition with a null degree. In the last chapter of the second part, we deal with the case of a simple and uniformly distributed pinning term. We impose a Dirichlet boundary condition with a non zero degree. The last part deals with the effect of a simple pinning term (independent of the Ginzburg-Landau parameter) in the three-dimensional Ginzburg-Landau functional. The preliminary results we present allow to understand how the vorticity lines are bent under the effect of the pinning term.
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Contributor : Mickaël dos Santos <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 17, 2011 - 12:59:14 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 8, 2020 - 12:43:14 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00556605, version 1


Mickaël dos Santos. Défauts de vorticité dans un supraconducteur en présence d'impuretés. Mathématiques [math]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00556605⟩



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