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Mobilité quotidiennne et intégration urbaine à Nouakchott : des difficultés d'accès aux transports urbains à l'expérimentation des stratégies d'adaptation

Abstract : Nouakchott is one of the sub-region capital cities which has undergone, in the last decades, the most important demographic growth as well as an excessive spatial development of its urban territory. These extensive changes occurred with such speed that they did not allow enough time to adjust to the Government and they put a serious strain on the local authorities' efforts in urban planning in general, in the creation of infrastructure and public facilities, but also in the delivery of basic services. In this context of widespread inadequacy, travelling distances stretch out and the urban transport system cannot cope with the difficulty of offering a fair service of the territory in a perspective of urban integration of the neighborhoods so as to keep pace with the development of the urban perimeter. As a consequence, the needs for mobility are increasingly important and the demands for public transportation are less and less satisfied. As a result, the daily mobility in Nouakchott has become a major source of hassle and the most exposed population to this inadequacy of public transport are the people who live in the poorest neighborhoods situated the farther away from the city center. So as to study the consequences both of the insufficiency in transport offer and of the lack of solutions to the population's conditions of mobility, a household survey was conducted with families belonging to two communities in the Nouakchott area (El Mina and Riyad). The results of this survey show that these insufficiencies, far from enticing people to remain within their perimeter to perform daily activities in their own neighborhood, encourage them to experience strategies of adaptation which will favor mobility. Indeed, when the household income does not allow permanent access to the means of transport for each member of the family, then it works in a priority order. In this mechanism, the importance of the reason for the travel and the distance are the main criteria taken into account by the family to decide which member needs the most to benefit from the means of transport. In addition to this strategy of selective access to transportation, walking constitutes an alternative way of solving the problem of lack of solutions and lack of offer in public transports. In conclusion, confronted to spatial relegation and peripheral marginalization, it seems that the inhabitants do everything possible to avoid being placed in territorial isolation and to have access to urban integration in due form
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 4, 2011 - 11:50:24 AM
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Yakhoub Diagana. Mobilité quotidiennne et intégration urbaine à Nouakchott : des difficultés d'accès aux transports urbains à l'expérimentation des stratégies d'adaptation. Géographie. Université Rennes 2; Université Européenne de Bretagne, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : b2010REN20033⟩. ⟨tel-00551660⟩



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