Terrains de géographes, géographes de terrain. Communauté et imaginaire disciplinaires au miroir des pratiques de terrain des géographes français du XXe siècle

Abstract : This dissertation questions the way XXth-century French geographers represented their research activities by exploring the different meanings the terms field and fieldwork had for them, and especially their place in heuristic processes and in the scientific psyche. It aims at applying the different approaches and methods of sciences studies to geography. Throughout the period, field and fieldwork led to a dominant order of discourse which structured representations and practices. This study is a response to works inspired by the theory of scientific revolutions and emphasizes the immutability of discourses. The "crisis of French geography," which refers to the period of doubt the discipline went through during the 1960s and 1970s, may be regarded as a mutation of discourses rather than a radical change in practices. This change of focus on the history of geography leads us to reconsider the theoretical tools to be used to write it. When viewed as a "total scientific fact", field and fieldwork thus represent a relevant approach to geography as a whole - that is to say its methods, aims, content and actors.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 15, 2012 - 10:18:47 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00551481, version 2

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Yann Calberac. Terrains de géographes, géographes de terrain. Communauté et imaginaire disciplinaires au miroir des pratiques de terrain des géographes français du XXe siècle. Géographie. Université Lumière - Lyon II, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : C0021478⟩. ⟨tel-00551481v2⟩

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