Métamorphisme d'une chondrite à enstatite nommée Indarch : implication sur les phénomènes de différenciation planétaire. Application à la Terre

Abstract : Enstatite chondrites share a common oxygen reservoir with Earth and Moon. This suggests that these meteorites may have participated to the building of the planet Earth. Studying enstatite chondrites will bring constraints for a better understanding of the differentiation history of planetesimals under reducing conditions. Thus, this is the first systematic study at HP-HT of an enstatite chondrite between 1 and 25 GPa, and between 1200°C et 2500°C, covering the pressure and temperature conditions of the terrestrial upper mantle. The meteorite, which was chosen for this study, is named Indarch. It is an enstatite chondrite, type EH4. At 1 GPa, the effect of the fO2 on the phase relations of the meteorite, as well as on the partitioning behavior between liquid metal and liquid of S, Si, Cr, Mn, Ni, et Mo is studied. Silicate and metallic phases undergo significant changes while the fO2 varies from IW-1.5 to IW-4.5. (Fe, Mg, Mn, Ca, Cr)-bearing monosulfides are observed at the lowest fO2's. The me-tallic phase in our samples is always liquid and comprises of two immiscible Fe-rich phases : one S-poor and C-rich, and the other S-rich and C-poor. The C-rich phase is also rich in Si at the most reduced fO2's. Between 3 and 25 GPa, 1500°C and 2500°C, the phase relations of Indarch have been inquired and allow us to present the first P-T phase diagram for an enstatite chondrite. The metallic phase is always liquid, and at these high pressures, it is a Fe-Ni-S alloy. The observed depletions of S in silicate mantles cannot be explained by a core formation at low pressure (0 à 5 GPa) under reducing conditions, however several wt% of Si could be trapped in the core. At higher pressure, more oxidized conditions will facilitate S incorporation in the core. Final-ly, our study proposes a model of evolution of an accreting chondritic material under variable redox conditions
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Chemical Sciences. Université Paris-Est, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009PEST1064>


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Sophie Berthet. Métamorphisme d'une chondrite à enstatite nommée Indarch : implication sur les phénomènes de différenciation planétaire. Application à la Terre. Chemical Sciences. Université Paris-Est, 2009. French. <NNT : 2009PEST1064>. <tel-00551310>

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