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L'application de la Convention sur l'élimination de toutes les formes de Discrimination à l'égard des Femmes en Amérique latine : le cas des droits reproductifs et sexuels en Bolivie

Abstract : In 1979 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), which commits signatory states to adopt and implement a series of legal measures on equality of men and women and all discrimination based on gender. All Latin American states have ratified the CEDAW and have integrated the Convention into their domestic law. Measures have been adopted, legislation voted and regional institutions have been set up. However, normative discrimination persists and the legal rights of women to equality of treatment are still out of step what is happening in reality. Ideological and pragmatic factors, such as cultural stereotypes and female vulnerability, still condition the situation of Latin-American women. In ratifying the CEDAW, and later the Cairo and Beijing Programs of Action, Bolivia recognises women's human rights in the various social and political spheres, and more specifically in their reproductive and sexual rights. The country has made important political and symbolic progress in the field of gender equality, female reproduction and sexuality. Nevertheless, the effects on Bolivian women, especially from La Paz and El Alto, of their re-appropriation of human rights in general, and their sexual and reproductive rights in particular, encounter a whole series of political, social, cultural and medical obstacles. Factors such as the catholic and male chauvinistic influence, socio-cultural patterns, the penalisation of abortion, ignorance of legal rights and the weak empowerment of women all contribute to allowing them little autonomy in their reproductive and sexual decisions. This autonomy would be the key to female emancipation in Bolivia.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 20, 2010 - 8:58:23 PM
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Virginie Rozée. L'application de la Convention sur l'élimination de toutes les formes de Discrimination à l'égard des Femmes en Amérique latine : le cas des droits reproductifs et sexuels en Bolivie. Sociologie. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00548925⟩

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