Onsets of nuclear deformation from measurments with the ISOLTRAP mass spectrometer

Abstract : Mass measurements provide important information concerning nuclear structure. This work presents results from the pioneering Penning trap spectrometer Isoltrap at CERN-ISOLDE. High-precision mass measurements of neutron-rich manganese (58−66Mn) and krypton isotopes (96,97Kr) are presented, of which the 66Mn and 96,97Kr masses are measured for the first time. In particular, the mass of 97Kr was measured using the preparation trap and required the definition of a new fit function. In the case of the manganese isotopes, the N = 40 shell closure is addressed. The two-neutron-separation energies calculated from the new masses show no shell closure at N = 40 but give an estimation of the proton-neutron interaction (around 0.5 MeV) responsible for the increase of collectivity and nuclear deformation in this mass region. The new krypton masses show behavior in sharp contrast with heavier neighbors where sudden and intense deformation is present, interpreted as the establishment of a nuclear quantum shape/phase transition critical-point boundary. The new masses confirm findings from nuclear mean-square charge-radius measurements up to N = 60 but are at variance with conclusions from recent gamma-ray spectroscopy. Another part of this work was the design of new decay spectroscopy system behind the Isoltrap mass spectrometer. The beam purity achievable with Isoltrap will allow decay studies with and detection coupled to a tape-station. This system has been mounted and commissioned with the radioactive beam 80Rb.
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Nuclear Theory [nucl-th]. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2010. English
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Sarah Naimi. Onsets of nuclear deformation from measurments with the ISOLTRAP mass spectrometer. Nuclear Theory [nucl-th]. Université Paris-Diderot - Paris VII, 2010. English. 〈tel-00548779〉



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