History, religion and science in Ernest Renan's last writings

Abstract : The thesis is about the philosophical reflections that Ernest Renan developed in the last part of his life, between the years 1880 and 1892. Hesitation between a pessimistic, detached view and rigid historical determinism represents the most significant feature of those reflections. In following Renan's thought along the differing lines of history, religion and science, the thesis explores the nature of Renan's uncertainties, positioning them within the broader context of the crisis surrounding his deep-rooted positivistic and idealistic beliefs. The thesis proceeds as follows. The first part considers Renan's intellectual framework. The second part explores the weight that religion had in Renan's philosophical paradigm. The last part examines the role of science in the rapidly changing perception of religion. The thesis is largely based on Renan's last published works (L'Avenir de la science, l'Histoire du peuple d'Israël, l'Examen de conscience philosophique, les Feuilles détachées) and unpublished notes which are kept by the Bibliothèque nationale de France.
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Domenico Paone. History, religion and science in Ernest Renan's last writings. Philosophy. Ecole pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2009. Italian. ⟨tel-00547232⟩

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