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Diversité naturelle et culturelle face aux défis des biotechnologies : enjeux et controverses au Mexique

Abstract : In Mexico and on a global scale, the protection of biological diversity and the defense of cultural diversity have become a stake for society for the last thirty years, at a time when biotechnologies have stood out as a technical and scientific progress able to change drastically our relationship to the living and generate a significant commercial opportunity. The controversies over bioprospecting and transgenic corn, in the context of a country that presents an exceptional biodiversity and the most important indigenous population of the American continent, enables us to highlight how, through them, antagonistic concepts and practices on knowledge, property, agriculture, development, globalization, or even environment confront. These controversies are global in the sense that, behind the specific and technical issues they raise, they crystallize a whole series of significant social and environmental contemporary issues, in a space that stretches from local to global. Far beyond the interactions of all these stakes, the controversies seem to reveal an even more fundamental conflict for the evolutions of a modernity shaped by the process of globalization and the debate on the cleavage between nature and society. Therefore the opposition to biotechnologies indicates a form of resistance to the hyper-modern process of generalized merchandization and radical tecnification of the socio-environmental space. If that resistance is essentially critical, it nevertheless produces alternative forms of modernity still in gestation.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00545542
Contributor : Jean Foyer <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 17, 2010 - 2:11:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:47:15 PM

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Jean Foyer. Diversité naturelle et culturelle face aux défis des biotechnologies : enjeux et controverses au Mexique. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-00545542⟩

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