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Traumatismes hépatiques. Epidémiologie lors des accidents de la route et physiopathologie : étude biomécanique du comportement du foie en décélération

Abstract : On the hand, an epidemiologic study collected all the injuries, with a special interest for the hepatic lesions, occurring in a road accident in the French administrative district of Côte d'Or (Burgundy). An abdominal lesion was found in 14 % of the wounded. Liver was affected in 17 % of abdominal trauma. Hepatic injury appeared as a factor of gravity. On the other hand, we conducted a biomechanical experiment in order to investigate the behaviour of the liver during deceleration. Post mortem human subjects were subjected to frontal or lateral decelerations. Our results showed unknown features of the abdominal impact responses. We are able to propose new patterns of hepatic biomechanics. Better understanding of epidemiology and biomechanics of the hepatic trauma is required for improving their prevention
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 15, 2010 - 11:20:19 AM
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N. Cheynel. Traumatismes hépatiques. Epidémiologie lors des accidents de la route et physiopathologie : étude biomécanique du comportement du foie en décélération. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. Université de Bourgogne, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00545075⟩

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