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Vortex Supraconducteurs de la théorie de Weinberg--Salam

Abstract : In this dissertation, we analyze in detail the properties of new string-like solutions of the bosonic sector of the electroweak theory. The new solutions are current carrying generalizations of embedded Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen vortices. We were also able to reproduce all previously known features of vortices in the electroweak theory. Generically vortices are current carrying. They are made of a compact conducting core of chargedW bosons surrounded by a nonlinear superposition of Z and Higgs field. Faraway from the core, the solution is described by purely electromagnetic Biot and Savart field. Solutions exist for generic parameter values including experimental values of the coupling constants. We show that the current whose typical scale is the billion of Ampères can be arbitrarily large. In the second part the linear stability with respect to generic perturbations is studied. The fluctuation spectrum is qualitatively investigated. When negative modes are detected, they are explicitly constructed and their dispersion relation is determined. Most of the unstable modes can be eliminated by imposing periodic boundary conditions along the vortex. However there remains a unique negative mode which is homogeneous. This mode can probably be eliminated by curvature effects if a small piece of vortex is bent into a loop, stabilized against contraction by the electric current.
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Contributor : Julien Garaud <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 8, 2010 - 8:28:19 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 5:33:09 PM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Monday, November 5, 2012 - 12:50:10 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00544753, version 1



Julien Garaud. Vortex Supraconducteurs de la théorie de Weinberg--Salam. Physique mathématique [math-ph]. Université François Rabelais - Tours, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-00544753⟩



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