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Epidémiologie du traumatisme routier chez les deux-roues motorisés

Abstract : The objective of this work was to improve and update the epidemiologic knowledge of motorized two-wheeled vehicle users and their road crashes, a major public health and road safety concern. We used data from the main French databases: the national police database, data from the SAM inquiry, and those from the Rhone Road Trauma Registry. First, we examined the international literature and summed up the epidemiologic knowledge of motorized two-wheel users and their crash injuries. Based upon this, we then outlined those areas that need further research. In the field of primary road safety, we examined crash injury risk factors for motorized two-wheel users, including alcohol and drug consumption. In the field of secondary road safety, we described the types of injuries sustained by the motorized two-wheeled vehicle users after a crash and we studied injury severity factors. We specifically evaluated the protective effect of wearing a helmet on the risk of head and face injury, but also estimated its possible implication in neck and cervical spine injuries. Finally, we provided information on crash type, vehicle type, and injury mechanism. Based upon the results of these analyses we provided recommendations to prevent motorized two-wheeled vehicle crashes and, when crashes cannot be avoided, to reduce the severity of the resultant injuries
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 7, 2010 - 10:36:29 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00544028, version 1



A. Moskal. Epidémiologie du traumatisme routier chez les deux-roues motorisés. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2009. Français. ⟨tel-00544028⟩



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